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The development objective of the Emergency Urban Environment Project (EUEP) for Benin is to: (i) improve infrastructure and mitigate the negative environmental impact of floods in the Cotonou agglomeration, and (ii) increase the Recipient's level of preparedness for future flooding. The additional financing (AF) will capitalize on the achievements of the EUEP by enhancing urban drainage infrastructure and improving conditions for flood risk management and preparedness nationally. The AF project will serve as a basis for the preparation of a follow up operation in FY2016 as specified in the country partnership strategy (CPS), in which other flood prone municipalities outside the targeted project area will benefit from further World Bank assistance; like in Northern Benin, and in particular the departments of Borgou and Alibori where the August 2012 floods caused significant human and material damage. Under component three, the AF will significantly expand project-funded wastewater treatment piloting, which is expected to benefit approximately 2,600 additional people by reducing the health hazards resulting from the mix of rain runoff with latrine and septic tank contents during floods. Under component four, the AF will put in place the currently missing elements for a much more effective disaster risk preparedness and management, which is expected to result in long term reduction of economic losses and saving of lives.